Gaganyaan : All you need to know about India’s Gaganyaan Mission

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Actual crew module used during the Pad Abort Test (PAT) of Crew Escape System (CES)


What is Gaganyaan mission?

The Gaganyaan is India’s first manned space mission which is the part of Indian Human Spaceflight Programme (HSP) was created in 2007 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). In the Gaganyaan mission, three peoples from India are sent to space by using crewed orbital spacecraft. The aircraft will revolve around the earth at an altitude of 400Km (250 mi) up to seven days with three crew members. 

What is the purpose of Gaganyaan?

The objective of the project is to take a three-member crew into low Earth orbit and return them safely to a predetermined destination on Earth. Sivan said that ISRO started Manned Space Flight Center to take care of everything related to manned space program.

Which country helps in Gaganyaan mission?

The ISRO has signed the pact with Russian space giant Glavkosmos to train the astronaut’s whos selected for Gaganyaan mission.

Training will take place at three levels. ISRO Chairman K. Sivan told the newspaper that after strict selection prosses, two-level training will be conducted in the Institute of Aerospace Medicine (in Bengaluru) and the third level overseas. “Simulations of the actual flight of the spacecraft, training in spacecraft and spacecraft et al will be done outside India.

Who is the head of ISRO Gaganyaan project?

Dr. S. Unnikrishnan Nair is the founder Director of HSFC and Shri R Hutton is the Project Director of Gaganyaan project.

HSFC will be responsible for the implementation of the project which includes end-to-end mission planning, development of engineering systems for crew survival in space and crew selection and training and also pursuing activities for continuously manned space flight missions. HSFC will use existing ISRO centers to implement GAGANYAAN’s first developmental flight under the manned space flight program.

Which year does ISRO plan to carry out Gaganyaan mission?

The crewed vehicle is planned to be launched by the ISRO’s Bahubali rocket GSLV Mk III in December 2021-22.

How many Indians would be sent to space in the Gaganyaan project?

The three Indian astronauts will be sent to space by the December 2021-22, as the part of India’s most ambitious Gaganyaan project. The Indian government allocated a budget of 100 billion rupees ($ 1.43bn) for its first manned space mission to be launched by December 2021-22.

Is Gaganyaan indigenous?

Yes, India’s first manned space mission Gaganyan is 100% Indigenous. All technologies required for Gaganyaan like spacecraft, re-entry capsule( Crew Escape System (CES) ), docking capability, rockets all are indigenously developed by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). Only for the training of astronauts, we take the help of Russian space company Glavkosmos.


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