The Line of Actual Control is likely to be the focal point of discussions on stability and trade relations when Prime Minister Narendra Modi meets Chinese President Xi Jinping for an informal summit near Chennai on 10–12 October.
This second edition of the summit could help plan the next stage in border dispute resolution and measures ET has learned to export more Indian products to China to reduce the trade deficit. It can also see progress on the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar corridor as it is outside the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI).
Modi wants to assure Xi that the partition of Jammu and Kashmir and the creation of Ladakh as a union territory will not affect the Line of Actual Control in that region as Beijing seems wary despite Foreign Minister S Jaishankar’s assurances. The Chinese Permanent Representative in New York raised the issue on August 16 in a closed-door informal session of the UN Security Council on Kashmir.
The two sides have collaborated to train Afghan diplomats as part of the third informal projects decided at the first informal summit – Wuhan summit in April 2018.
The two leaders reviewed progress since the Wuhan summit, which, according to individuals familiar with the matter, enabled their partnership in the regions to stabilize. The two leaders may also focus on celebrations to be held in 2020 on the occasion of 70 years of diplomatic relations.
When Modi held talks with Xi on the occasion of the SCO summit in Bishkek in June, he invited the Chinese leader for a second informal summit, stressing that talks with Pakistan at this stage might not be possible. He also stated that India has a bilateral mechanism to connect with Pakistan and no third party has any role in it.
Bishkek Modi is understood to have conveyed to Xi that it is possible to improve relations between the two sides as both have long-pending issues such as the inauguration of the Bank of China branch in India and Masood Azhar’s UN list. Were able to resolve.
Meanwhile, Beijing and Islamabad exchanged views on the situation in Jammu and Kashmir during Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi’s visit over the weekend. Wang said that China is taking note of the situation in Jammu and Kashmir and reiterated that the Kashmir issue is a dispute left over from history, and it is justified and based on the UN Charter, relevant UN Security Council resolutions and bilateral agreements Must be sorted from. According to the joint statement, China has opposed unilateral action.