According to a government document recently revealed, despite its economic challenges, Pakistan has maintained progress on significant modernization programs to strengthen its traditional military forces.
Spiraling debt and the rising cost of imports coupled with lower government revenue hit military modernization efforts hard. That, along with an economic restructuring imposed by the International Monetary Fund as well as currency devaluation, increased the need for indigenous solutions.
The ministry oversees all aspects of state-owned military-industrial enterprises, indigenous development programs, and foreign acquisitions.
The document highlights the priority of armored platforms and air power.
Efforts to improve armored capabilities include component imports and indigenous development options, in particular:
- Construction of auxiliary power units for Al-Zarrar and T-80U tanks.
- Development and testing of the Sabot FSDS-T round.
- Development of thermal imaging/night vision periscope of the driver.
- Assembly of engines for Al-Khalid and T-80UD tanks.
- Reconstruction and upgrade of 160 Type-85IIAP main battle tanks between 2019-2020 and 2021-2022.
- A pilot attempt to rebuild T-80UDs (completed in August 2019).
- The continuous rebuilding of M113-series armored personnel carriers.
- Al-Zarr variant for the continuous upgrade of Type-59 main battle tanks.
- Low-rate production of 20 Al-Khalid I tanks, as well as the final phase development of Al-Khalid II (featuring an enhanced power pack and fire-control / gun-control system).
A program for a tracked infantry fighting vehicle or IFV was also mentioned in the ministry document. The state-owned armored fighting vehicle manufacturer HIT developed the Viper to meet this requirement. The stable prototype was on display at the IDEAS2018 Defense Expo. The platform was based on the M113 series but was equipped with a Slovak Tura 30 unmanned turret.
In IDEAS2018, China North Industries Group Corp, or NORINCO, told Defense News that its VT-4 main battle tank was essentially selected to meet Pakistan’s requirement, but no agreement was signed Huh.
Meanwhile, Pakistan increased its anti-infantry capabilities by purchasing a Kornet-e anti-tank guided missile (a Russian-made weapon) and an anti-tank rocket covered by the Spanish Alcotan-100’s shoulder. However, the Ministry’s document did not list financial expenditure information on the acquisition from Russia, indicating that Kornet-E may have come from an alternative source.
Writer, analyst and former Defense of Islamabad Brian Crawley told Defense News that the emphasis on heavy armor reflects Pakistan’s “preparations for traditional warfare, and it seems that the repost is alive and well under India’s enormous numerical superiority.” Is being refined in direct response. “
Cogley said the government may realize that the use of strategic nuclear weapons will lead to an uncontrollable increase, and is, therefore, focusing on other capabilities.
Protect from above:
The JF-17 fighter program mainly discussed the development of the Air Force in the central ministry document. An agreement for twin-seat and upgraded Block III variants was signed in May 2018.
However, earlier versions continue to improve, especially to strengthen maritime security by air-to-air refueling modifications and the acquisition of Chinese CM-400AKG supersonic anti-ship missiles.
Writer, analyst and former pilot of Pakistan Air Force, Kaiser Tufail, described these efforts as important for the army.
“The anti-ship missile not only has a higher kill probability due to the greater speed on speed effect; It enhances its survival against nearby weapons that are fired against it. Thus, supersonic missiles like the CM-400AKG are an improvement over the sub-predecessors, ”he said.
“One flight of the JF-17s is configured with a missile, each with a drop tank, offering enough range to keep any hostile surface task force at bay,” he said. said.
“AESA radar retrofits on existing Block I and II JF-17s, later priority Block III orders, have been completed, such as existing JF-17s could be improved,” he said.
The report of the Ministry of Defense Production also mentions the manufacture of components for “al-Rasab” (the name of a sword of the Prophet Muhammad, it may be a weapon). However, none of the sources came to Defense News for comment or could not comment.
The development of the drone was also mentioned in the report by the Aviation Design Institute and Project AZM fifth-generation fighter.
According to industry officials, a medium-height, long-endurance UAV program was already in discussion, but UAV-maker Integrated Dynamics head, King Khan, was unable to highlight that the drone development report mentioned Yes or No. Was swept by June 2019 was related.
The report states that the first “conceptual design phase” cycle for Project AZM is complete and that the first configuration will “go through three more cycles within the conceptual design using high fidelity analysis tools and code.” While there is some speculation that the country may work with Turkey. In the project, the report does not mention any foreign partner.
Justin Bronk, an aerospace expert at the Royal Brandt Institute think tank, said there is effectively only one option for foreign partnerships.
Source: Defense News