Top 5 Indigenously developed Weapon Systems of India
India was the world’s largest arms importer from 2014 to 2018 but later on, Saudi Arabia became the number 1 arm importer in the world. But still, India imports a lot of weapons for its military requirements. The government of India is striving to boost the manufacturing of weapons in India through the Make in India initiative. India has developed many weapons Indigenously which includes Tejas aircraft, Arjun Tank and AKASH Missile, etc.
In the union budget, 2019; the defense budget of India touched Rs 3.18 lakh crore which is around 1.6% of the GDP. The government of India wants to reduce its arms import bill in the upcoming years. Currently, India is the second-largest arms importer in the world.
According to the latest report published by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) in march 2019; India has a share of 9.5% of total arms sold in the world. Saudi Arabia is on the top by having a 12% share in the global arms import.
The government of India is trying its utmost efforts to reduce the defense import bill of the country. In this direction; India has developed many weapons indigenously. We have explained these weapons in this article.
Let us read about these top 5 weapons/systems in detail.
1. LCA Tejas Aircraft:
The Tejas is an indigenous lightweight, multi-role supersonic aircraft. It is developed for both training and fight purposes. The Tejas is designed to carry air-to-air, air-to-surface strikes. It has the capability of successful air-to-air Refuelling.
Currently, this aircraft is in service. The Indian airforce has already contracted 40 aircraft and it will soon order 83 more Tejas aircraft with the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL).
We hope that very soon Tejas will replace India’s aging MiG-21 fighter jets.
2. Arjun Tank:
It is a 3rd generation main battle tank developed by DRDO. It was first produced in 2004 and it is one unit cost is around Rs.56 cr. It was built indigenously and India has around 366 units of this tank. It is named after “Arjun” the hero of Epic Mahabharata.
The full form of NETRA is “Network Traffic Analysis”. NETRA is a software network developed by India’s Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR). It is used by the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) and Intelligence Bureau.
Indian Airforce inducted its first indigenously developed airborne control system in 2017. NETRA AEW&C system has a range of 200KM.
You can imagine the capabilities of the NETRA that it can analyze voice traffic passing through software such as Google Talk and Skype.
This is an all-weather beyond-visual-range air-to-air missile. Astra is a first air-to-air missile designed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation indigenously and manufactured by the Bharat Dynamics Limited. Its first unit was produced in 2017 and the cost of one unit is Rs. 7-8 crore.
It can be launched from the Su-30MKI aircraft and its speed is 4.5 mach or 5556.6 km/hr. It will be inducted into the Airforce soon.
AKASH is a “Surface to Air” medium-range Missile. It can hit multi-target engagement at a time.
The capability of this supersonic Akash missile is that it can hit an aircraft up to a distance of 25 km and up to the altitude of 18,000 meters or 59,000 ft.
It even can neutralize aerial targets like ballistic missiles, fighter jets, cruise missiles, and air-to-surface missiles.
The supersonic Akash missile system was formally inducted into the Indian Army on May 5, 2015, and into the Indian Air Force on July 10, 2015.
It is in service since 2009 and 3000 missiles have been built so far. It is designed by the DRDO and Manufactured by Ordnance Factories Board, Bharat Dynamics Limited and Bharat Electronics Limited.
So these were some weapons and systems indigenously developed in India. We hope that very soon India would produce more capable weapons in the future.
Source: Jagran Josh